MAIS was the Roman
fort at Bowness on Solway in Cumbria.
ABALLAVA was the Roman Fort at Burgh-by-Sands in Cumbria.
VXELODVM was the Roman fort at Stanwick in Cumbria.
CAMBOGLANS was the Roman fort at Castlesteads in Cumbria.
BANNA was the Roman fort at Birdoswald in Cumbria.
There are those who consider the Rudge Cup having odd Latin forms in
its word structure. Because of this, they can not derive a satisfactory origin or meaning
for the word, "MAIS", that follows the letter, "A",
on the rim of the cup.
However, as almost all alleged Roman place-names in Britain are not
Latin but Celtic in origin, there is a possibility that the, "A", was
not always separated from the "MAIS" word but was originally attached
to it to give the word, AMAIS.
We then need to ask whether it is more than mere coincidence that the
word, , it is interesting but possibly of no value, to also discover that an Old
Irish word from the, 'amais', stable is the word, "ammus",
meaning, to "lie in wait" to "attack".
We now move on to, "ABALLAVA" the next
place-name on the rim of the Rudge Cup. Discovering that this was the only Roman
place-name in Britain that could naturally have evolved as the place, Avalon.
To Arthurians, Avalon, was the otherworld kingdom where Arthur
was alleged to have been taken when he suffered a mortal wound at the battle of Camlann.
To the pagan Celts, this otherworld was usually associated with either a lake or with the
However, if similar concern of Arthurians is to bypass VXELODVM on the
Rudge Cup and move on to the, CAMBOGLANS, place-name, we have here the only Roman
place-name in Britain to which Arthur's battle site of, Camlann, is alleged to relate.
So in the context of the Rudge Cup, it would appear that when Arthur
was transported from Camlann to Avalon, the suggestion is that his real world would meet
the otherworld where the land met the sea. Therefore, in the context of the Rudge Cup, 'ABALLAVA',
as Burgh-by-Sands alongside the Solway, was on the way to the sea. Whilst, (A)MAIS,
as Bowness on Solway, is where the Solway meets the sea?
Therefore, for some obscure reason, the words on the Rudge Cup may have
come to indicate, that Avalon simply represented a staging post between life and death. A
situation that was alleged to have actually applied to Arthur, as he was always considered
capable of returning from beyond the grave to assist his compatriots against their
The potential return of Arthur to assist those of Brythonic Celt
descent against the Norman's, was the recorded belief of the people of Cornwall and many
other parts of the south west of England in the 12th. century and this is the region where
the Rudge Cup was found.
Thus, after publicising the stories about Arthur in the reign of Henry
2nd. for their own political and religious ends, the Norman hierarchy suddenly realised
that many of the people they ruled, believed Arthur would return to help their cause
Therefore, in 1190, in the reign of Richard the Lionheart the son of
Henry 2nd., the Prior of Bermondsey, a relative of the king, was instructed to set in
motion the alleged exhumation of body, from behind screens, set up at
Glastonbury. There they unearthed a tall man they said was Arthur.
According to Gerald of Wales, who was alive at that time, a leaden
cross was also found on the underside of a stone, with the Latin inscription on it that
read: "Here lies Arthur, the famous king, in the island of Avalon".
It is reasonable to assume that the, 'Avalon', wording on this
cross was designed by the Normans to indicate that Glastonbury was Avalon and Avalon was
not the otherworld of Celtic myth. In effect, Arthur had been found and could no longer
return from beyond the grave to help his compatriots to extract their enemies from the
Since then the cross has vanished and we only have the 17th. century
representation of it from "